Tag Archives: The Woman In White

Classic Friday #5: The Woman in White

26 Apr

Classic Friday

Welcome to Classic Friday with Nisha Moodley, your monthly journey into Classic authors and their Literature!

Nisha MoodleyNisha is a South African writer, blogger, amateur historian, mystery-chaser and former ghost-hunter who, with a completed collection of short-stories under her belt, is currently working on her first full-length novel.

http://nmwritersbloq.wordpress.com

I hope you enjoy this ‘Classic Friday’ entry and I’ll be back next month for some more.

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TITLE: THE WOMAN IN WHITE

AUTHOR: WILKIE COLLINS

GENRE: 19th century Detective/Mystery Fiction

DATE PUBLISHED: 1860

NO. OF PAGES: 728 (My copy: Collins Classic)

the-woman-in-whiteDescribed as one of the very first sensation novels, first –time readers were captivated by Wilkie Collins’ story, The Woman In White when it was first released in serial form in 1859. Apparently, a true-life case of the wrongful abduction and incarceration of a woman in a mental institute in the 18th century was the inspiration for this classic piece of fiction, in which the complex plot leaves little to be desired for the action-seeking reader.

 Synopsis

 Drawing-teacher Walter Hartright has secured himself a new job that takes him away from his mother and sister, to the village of Limmeridge. En route to his new employment, he meets a strange woman on the road late at night. Dressed all in white, the young lady’s anxious and erratic behaviour tells of distressing circumstances which she doesn’t reveal to Walter. Instead she asks his help in accompanying her to London. On the journey a strange coincidence is revealed as Walter finds that the lady is well acquainted with the area of Limmeridge and the very people he will be working for.

 After the two part ways, the teacher learns that the eccentric woman was in fact escaping from a mental asylum when she bumped into Walter, and he inadvertently had a hand in her escape. Once at Limmeridge, Walter meets his new students: Marian Halcombe and the beautiful Laura Fairlie -half-sisters who are totally devoted to each other. As the weeks pass by, he finds himself falling more and more in love with Laura. When he finds out that Laura has been promised to another man, one Sir Percival Glyde, Walter is heartbroken.

 Considering the situation, he decides to leave Limmeridge after only 3 months of employment. Before he does however, curious incidents present themselves that leave both Walter and Marian anxious for Laura’s future. An anonymous letter to the bride-to-be, warning of Sir Glyde’s character, sets Walter and Marian off on an investigation to search for the sender. The search proves fruitless until one night

Walter bumps into none other than Anne Catherick – his white-clad acquaintance who had escaped from the asylum. It was Anne who had sent Laura the letter but was at the same time evasive about details concerning Percival Glyde. Anne leaves Limmeridge prematurely before Walter can find out any more. With doubts cast on Anne’s sanity, Laura’s marriage to Percival goes ahead as planned as heartbroken Walter leaves England for South America. He will return a year later however but not before Percival begins to show his true colours when it is too late. Laura’s future seems doomed. Under the influence of his best friend, the sinister Count Fosco, Percival has ensnared Laura in a wicked trap and it’s now up to stalwart Marian to save her sister from the two conniving men in Walter’s absence.

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Wilkie Collins

Wilkie Collins

Well-thought out, Wilkie Collins has woven an intricate plot, with plenty of secrets waiting to be revealed. His narrative style warrants an examination in itself. Written in the first person, the whole story is told in the form of letters and journal entries from the various characters involved- the typical epistolary novel.

Each character tells his or her version of events, slowly unravelling the mystery to the reader. It’s the same epistolary style Collins employed in his other famous novel, The Moonstone. It’s a technique that works for the purpose of the story, creating suspense and uncertainty in the reader. The conflicting reports (which often occur when multiple witnesses are asked to give testimony) are ingeniously crafted by Collins; and it all comes together as our protagonist Walter Hartright tries to piece the puzzle of Glyde and Fosco’s sinister modus operandi together.

Is This Book For You? I recommend this to ANYONE who likes one heck of a good story. And if you happen to be a fan of mystery or the Classics in general, I suggest you buy/order this book immediately. In my book reviews, I tend to point out any faults in a novel for a more comprehensive perspective but with The Woman In White, I was hard-pressed to find any. I could perhaps point out the sentimentality that is inherent in the dialogue but then again I’ve yet to read a first-person 19th century novel in which the narratives are not emotional, sentimental and often dramatic. So this is me being nit-picky 😉

Plus if you like novels that are character-driven you will not be disappointed. Amongst the others, Marian Halcombe is a worthy literary heroine, a wonderful contrast to some of the helpless, delicate female characters you often find in classic novels. Who steals the show, however, is the ominous Count Fosco. Wilkie Collins really outdid himself in creating this antagonist. I’m surprised that the name ‘Fosco’ is not a literary household name or an established eponym for ‘cunning’. That juicy mix of irresistible charm, boldness and lack of moral conscience should serve as the template for the classic Machiavellian villain, for his character is certainly hard to forget.

 With suspense and action on almost every page, and with some memorable characters thrown in, The Woman In White is certainly a difficult book to put down once you start reading…

Author Bio

For a full biography on Wilkie Collins, click here

 

 

Classic Friday #3: Wilkie Collins

22 Feb

 

Classic Friday

Welcome to Classic Friday with Nisha Moodley, your monthly journey into Classic authors and their Literature!

Nisha MoodleyNisha is a South African writer, blogger, amateur historian, mystery-chaser and former ghost-hunter who, with a completed collection of short-stories under her belt, is currently working on her first full-length novel.

http://nmwritersbloq.wordpress.com

I hope you enjoy this ‘Classic Friday’ entry and I’ll be back on  Friday 22nd March for some more…

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Wilkie Collins

Wilkie Collins

WILKIE COLLINS

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Fans of Agatha Christie, Edgar Allan Poe and Arthur Conan Doyle might be surprised to hear that as celebrated as these authors are, a lesser known writer has the distinction of being called the Father of English detective fiction. That man’s name was Wilkie Collins who, at one stage, was one of the highest paid writers in England. He is also well-known for having been a close friend of Charles Dickens and for leading an unconventional life, which some even deemed scandalous.

Childhood

William Wilkie Collins was born on January 8th 1824 in Marylebone, London. At the age of 12 his family moved to Italy and then onto France.

 In 1838, Wilkie returned to England and attended a private boarding school. It was here that he would discover his true talent but not in the most pleasant of circumstances. Given his odd appearance and somewhat diminutive stature, Collins was always an easy target for bullies for most of his early/schooling life. At his new boarding school, Wilkie became the target of a new tormentor: an 18-year-old who was in charge of his dormitory. The senior boy would bully Collins every night into telling him a story, promising the fearful little Wilkie ‘a good thrashing’ if he didn’t. In his own words:

 “It was this brute who first awakened in me, his poor little victim, a power of which but for him I might never have been aware…When I left school I continued story telling for my own pleasure”

 Due to his misery at school, Collins dropped out prematurely and began an apprenticeship at Antrobus & Co., a tea merchant based in London. He hated his job and took up writing short stories in his spare time.

 In 1846, he enrolled for a Law Degree at Lincoln’s Inn; he graduated and was admitted to the bar in 1851.

Writing Career

The Women In White Cover 1890

The Women In White Cover 1890

Wilkie Collins never practised as a lawyer however. He took up writing full-time and managed to get a few short stories published. When his father passed away in 1847, Collins published his first book, a biography of Collins Snr., The Memoirs of the Life of William Collins, Esq. R.A.

 His first fictional novel was Antonina, an historical novel set in Ancient Rome, and was published in 1850. Subsequent books following Antonina included Basil (1852), Hide and Seek (1854) and The Dead Secret (1857).

 In 1851, Wilkie met Charles Dickens and the two immediately struck up a close friendship. Dickens invited Collins to write for his famous serial publication Household Words. “A Terribly Strange Bed” would be Wilkie’s first contribution to the magazine and the story was published in 1852. He would go on to contribute over 50 stories to Household Words in the course of his writing career. He also collaborated theatrically with Dickens, producing many plays together. The two authors would remain lifelong friends, often accompanying each other on trips and European holidays.

 Real success came for Wilkie however, when the The Woman In White (1859) was first published in serial form in Dickens’ new venture All The Year Round. The Woman In White received such excellent reviews that it was released as a novel the very next year.

 Some notable novels followed The Woman In White: No Name (1862), Armadale(1866), and the Moonstone (1868).

 The Moonstone is considered a landmark in English Literature, viewed by many as the first English detective novel, and by some others (T.S Eliot and Dorothy Sayers to name but a few) to be the best detective novel ever written. It has been credited with setting the standards and conventions that is common in detective-mystery novels today, such as the proverbial ‘red herring’ and the common motif of the incompetent police force. Sergeant Cuff, the eccentric sleuth in the story, with his brilliance and peculiar idiosyncrasies, bears a striking resemblance to Sherlock Holmes and was probable inspiration for Arthur Conan Doyle.

 Wilkie Collins would go on to write many more novels, his last being Blind Love which was left unfinished following his death in 1889.

Women and Drugs

Caroline Graves (1830-1895)

Caroline Graves (1830-1895)

Popular Theory suggests that the inspiration for Anne Catherick, the character in The Woman In White to which the title refers to, was Caroline Graves. Details are sketchy as to when they actually met but according to some biographers of Wilkie Collins, the author met Graves (and her young daughter) in 1856 and by 1859 they were living together. A couple of years later Wilkie started suffering from rheumatic gout. As a result, he travelled to health spas in Germany and Italy with Caroline seeking relief for his ailments.

 Whilst still maintaining his relationship with Caroline, he began an affair with 19-year-old Martha Rudd in 1864. In 1868, Caroline Graves left Wilkie and married another man (some say she grew tired of Wilkie’s reluctance to get married). Soon after Martha Rudd became pregnant with his first child. Wilkie suffered a serious attack of gout at around this time and began using opium in an attempt to alleviate the pain. He would develop a life-long addiction to the drug that would mark the decline in his writing career. He still wrote prolifically but many of his contemporaries remarked that his later works were no match for his earlier successes, citing his excessive opium use as the cause of this.

 In 1870, Caroline Graves left her husband and returned to Wilkie but the author devoted his time equally between both Graves and Rudd. Martha would bear him two more children and after his death, the women were granted equal share of his inheritance.

 As is evident Wilkie Collins lived the quintessential Bohemian lifestyle. Even though society at the time viewed with shock his behaviour and habits, these were considered characteristic of ‘creative types’ back in the 19th century. His lifestyle was therefore tolerated if not accepted.

 Collins left behind a literary legacy that has influenced many high-profile authors. Having written over 25 novels, without this contribution the mystery genre would never be what it is today. Fans of the classic detective story, therefore, owe much to the talent of Wilkie Collins.

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REFERENCES

 www.wilkiecollins.com

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilkie_Collins

http://www.wilkie-collins.info/

http://acc.wilkiecollinssociety.org/

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